Causes of diabetes mellitus

Diabetes is one of the most common endocrine disorders with a steadily increasing prevalence (especially in developed countries). It is the result of modern lifestyle and an increasing number of external etiological factors, among which obesity stands out. Some people with diabetes help:

The main causes of diabetes mellitus include:

Overeating (increased appetite) leading to obesity is a major factor in the development of type 2 diabetes. While the incidence of diabetes is 7.8% among persons of normal weight, a 20% overweight person has a 25% incidence of diabetes, and a 50% overweight person has a 60% incidence of diabetes.
Autoimmune diseases (attack by the body’s immune system on the body’s own tissues) – glomerulonephritis, autoimmune thyroiditis, hepatitis, lupus, etc. can also be complicated by diabetes.
Hereditary factor. As a rule, diabetes is several times more common in the relatives of patients with diabetes. If both parents have diabetes, the lifetime risk of diabetes for their children is 100%, if one parent has diabetes – 50%, in the case of diabetes in a brother or sister – 25%.
Viral infections that destroy the insulin-producing cells of the pancreas. Viral infections that can cause the development of diabetes include: rubella, viral mumps (mumps), chickenpox, viral hepatitis, etc.
A person with a hereditary predisposition to diabetes may never become diabetic throughout their life if they control themselves by leading a healthy lifestyle: eating right, exercising, seeing a doctor, etc. As a rule, type 1 diabetes occurs in children and adolescents.

As a result of research, doctors came to the conclusion that 5% of diabetes is inherited through the mother, 10% through the father, and if both parents have diabetes, the probability of diabetes predisposition increases to almost 70%.